Abbreviated as WI on abbreviationfinder.org, Wisconsin is one of the 48 states of the North American Union, of the central group NO., Created in 1848, between 42 ° 30 ‘and 47 ° 3’ of lat. N. and 86 ° 49 ‘and 92 ° 54’ of long. OR.; it measures 145,205 sq km. and it borders to the east with Lake Michigan, to the north with the state of Michigan and Lake Superior, to the west with the states of Minnesota and Iowa, at noon with that of Illinois; its limits are largely natural, offered by sections of the aforementioned lake basins and waterways (Mississippi, St Croix, Montreal, Menominee).
Morphologically, Wisconsin is occupied in absolute prevalence by low lands, reaching the maximum height (m. 582) in Rib Hill (County of Marathon); geologically it constitutes crystalline and metamorphic ancient rocks of the Canadian shield in the northern section of the state, undulating plateau (highlands), high on average from 500 to 600 m., overlooking Lake Superior (183 m), into which the rivers flow through locks and rapids; descending towards the south the height decreases, the Precambrian erosion surface is still buried under the Cambrian marine sandstones, interrupted by sharply emerging quartzite ridges, or by reliefs identified by recent erosion, such as the Baraboo Ridge, through which the Wisconsin River has made its way pre-ice. The glacial phenomenon is responsible for a large part of the current morphology, a phenomenon that has powerfully affected the northern and eastern sections, therefore very rich in lakes (in all 2500, of which the largest is the Winnebago, at 228 m, 48 km long. and largo 16), while the south-west section remained outside the), characterized by the perfect adaptation of hydrography and relief. A strip of Quaternary lands closes these ancient lands along the lake basins.
Hydrographically, Wisconsin sends its waters partly to the Mississippi (southwest section), partly to the great lakes (S. Lorenzo) and is characteristic for its continental climate (on average 6 °, 6 ° of annual temperature), with very cold (in January −9 ° in Green Bay; −6 °, 2 in Milwaukee; −8 °, 7 in La Crosse; −8 °, 4 in Madison); hot summers (in July 21 ° in Green Bay and Milwaukee; 22 °, 7 in La Crosse, 22 °, 2 in Madison), with enormous differences between absolute minimums and maximums; notable snowfall, with an annual average of 1225 mm. in the northern part of the state, of 1000 in the southern one; rainfall oscillates between 700 and 850 mm. yearly, with absolute prevalence of the summer period.
The state has been rapidly populating since the second half of the century. XIX: 30,945 inhabitants in 1840; 305,391 in 1850; 1,315,497 in 1880; 2,069,042 in 1900; 2,632,067 in 1920; 2,936,000 in 1930. In that year 99.1% consisted of Whites, 0.4% of Negroes, 0.5% of other colored elements (mainly Indians with 11,548 individuals, living in numerous reserves). Out of 100 Whites, 13.3 were born abroad (386,213 individuals), with the absolute prevalence of Germans (128,269), Poles (42,359), Norwegians (34,391), Czechoslovakians (19,580); the Italians were 12,599. The population offers very scarce densities (on average 20.5 residents Per sq. Km.), And is distributed in 71 counties: 27 centers in 1930 exceeded 10,000 residents, With the maximum of Milwaukee (v.), Which with its 578,249 ab. concentrated almost 1/5 of the total population of the state, followed by Racine (67.542 residents), Madison (the capital, with 57.899 residents), Kenosha (50.262 residents). Although fundamentally agrarian-forestry, Wisconsin has a continuous increase in the urban population (43% in 1910; 53% in 1930). The economic characteristics of the state are well expressed by the figures relating to the various occupations: in 1930, out of 100 inhabitants over the age of 10, 3z, 3 were employed in industry and crafts; 26.3 to agriculture, forest exploitation and fishing; 18.6 to trade and transport; 7.7 to domestic services; 7, 1 to uses, etc. 53% in 1930). The economic characteristics of the state are well expressed by the figures relating to the various occupations: in 1930, out of 100 inhabitants over the age of 10, 3z, 3 were employed in industry and crafts; 26.3 to agriculture, forest exploitation and fishing; 18.6 to trade and transport; 7.7 to domestic services; 7, 1 to uses, etc. 53% in 1930). The economic characteristics of the state are well expressed by the figures relating to the various occupations: in 1930, out of 100 inhabitants over the age of 10, 3z, 3 were employed in industry and crafts; 26.3 to agriculture, forest exploitation and fishing; 18.6 to trade and transport; 7.7 to domestic services; 7, 1 to uses, etc.
Agriculture is one of the fundamental economic bases: 170,000 farms in 1900, 182,000 in 1930, making up 62% of the total area of the state. The climate and the soil favor a huge production of cereals (wheat, oats, barley), potatoes, tobacco, fruit, fodder, which allow the intense breeding, especially of dairy cattle, for which the industry of dairy products has assumed extraordinary importance so as to place the state in first place in the Union: in 1934, 507,000 horses, 1,450,000 pigs, 3,230,000 cattle, of which 2,900,000 dairy cattle, over 13 million poultry. Alongside agriculture and livestock, forests (about 58% of the geographical area), which the environmental and climatic conditions divide into various bands: to the south, the thermophilic forest (oaks), interrupted by large grasslands and pastures; North, in relation to the colder climate, the great Laurentian forest of birches, maples, beeches and, on the sandy and dry soils, of magnificent white pines and red pines (Norwegian): finally on the humid and colder high lands large expanses of conifers. The exploitation of the forests is still today one of the fundamental reserves of the state (sawmills, pulp and pulp, paper, etc.). Another economic reserve is offered by river and lake fishing, favored by artificial repopulation by the state. pulp and pulp, paper, etc.). Another economic reserve is offered by river and lake fishing, favored by artificial repopulation by the state. pulp and pulp, paper, etc.). Another economic reserve is offered by river and lake fishing, favored by artificial repopulation by the state.
Geological conditions explain the state’s great mineral wealth, from large clay deposits along Lake Michigan to building materials, such as granite, which began exploitation in Granite Heights in Marathon County, limestone (exploitation began in Genesee in 1848, in Wauwatosa near Milwaukee in 1855 and at Bridgeport in 1856); from zinc to iron ores: these are abundant in the northern section of the state (Gegebic and Menominee Ranges), completing the large producing area of Minnesota and Michigan (Lake Superior): a large part of production (1,200,000 tons on average in period 1925-1930) is exported, via lakes, from the ports of Duluth-Superior, which holds the world record, and of Ashland, while that of the Menominee Mountains is forwarded to Exanaba (in nearby Michigan). The exploitation began in 1854 in the county of Dodge, in 1877 in that of Florence, in 1884 in those of Iron and Ashland. In the mines and quarries, on average, 2907 workers were employed in 1929. Industries are of considerable importance with a workforce of 137,525 units in 1899, of 263,949 in 1919, of 264,745 in 1929: afterwards there was a general fall due to the impending crisis. The steel and mechanical industries emerge, such as foundries with 24,207 workers; the construction of motor vehicles (23,600), of machines, turbines, tractors (12,519), of railway material (8473), of electrical machines (7652); those connected with breeding (dairy products and shoe factories with 10,755 workers), with the exploitation of the woods (woodworking with 14,489 workers; furniture factory with 8714; wood pulp and paper with 12,000, etc.); the textile industries are also flourishing (knitwear with 11,118 employees). Wisconsin also has great importance for the media: the railways, whose first branch from Milwaukee to Waukesha was opened in 1851, have risen by 1,448 km. in 1860 at 11,500 km. in 1932. The automobile vehicle was highly developed (670,797 vehicles in 1933), alongside inland waterways and the numerous lake navigation lines, which mainly refer to Milwaukee, Racine, Kenosha, Sheboygan, Green Bay on Lake Michigan and to Superior and Ashland on Lake Superior (export of cereals, flours, forest products, mines; import mainly of coal).
The territory of Wisconsin was explored by Jean Nicolet, envoy of Champlain, in 1634, and remained French de iure until 1760, and de facto, at least to a large extent, until the cession by the British to the United States in 1783, which became effective only in 1816, when the forts of Green Bay (Fort Howard) and Prairie du Chien were built. From 1787 to 1800, Wisconsin was part of the old Northwest Territory, the new Indiana Territory in 1800-05, and later Michigan in 1805-09, Illinois in 1809-18, and again Michigan in 1818. -36. In 1836, when Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state, Wisconsin became a Territory comprising Iowa, Minnesota and part of the two Dakotas; two years later all of the land west of the Mississippi was severed to form the Idaho Territory. Of the Indian wars the most serious was the one with Black Hawk (Black Hawk) in 1832. In 1844 the “Falange”, a communist colony, was founded in Ripon. Even today, there are more common thriving socialists in Wisconsin than perhaps in any other state in the Union. On May 29, 1848, Wisconsin was admitted to the Union as a state.
Following the great German immigration of that year, the German vote has always been decisive in this state, where the Republican party, with few exceptions, has always prevailed until the election of 1936, with a so-called “progressive” trend, or “half-breeds”, supported in part by the Democrats. Belmont and Burlington were the first capitals of the Territory; from 1838 Madison. The Indian name was written Ouisconsin by the French.
According to countryaah.com, Milwaukee is a city of the USA (604,477 residents In 2008), and the largest of the Wisconsin. It extends on the west coast of the lake Michigan, 100 km north of Chicago, at the mouth of three rivers into the lake, the main one (120 km long) has the same name as the city. It is an important communications hub and a very active commercial center, thanks also to the well-equipped port on Lake Michigan. The industrial activities involve the steel and mechanical sectors (automobiles, agricultural machinery), polygraphic, textile, clothing, food (breweries), woodworking and leather processing. The high technology sector and the services sector (financial and insurance activities) were developed. Among the numerous cultural institutions, the Marquette University, founded in 1881. Airport.
Madison [City of the USA, capital of the state of Wisconsin] Convention by Madison: rule, formulated in 1970 by a group led by GR Satchler, which specifies the concept of polarization of a set of particles: v. nuclear reactions: IV 764 f.