Most trips to China begin in Beijing, which is part of northern China. Once you’ve seen everything there, it’s worth making the journey towards Northeast China. This part of China extends to North Korea. The area is characterized by a continental climate with cold and dry winters and humid and warm summers. It can get up to 30 degrees Celsius here. The climate is slightly influenced by the summer monsoon. See USPrivateSchoolsFinder to learn more about China market opportunities for Czech exporters.
Due to the continental climate, many birch and larch forests as well as Scots pines grow here. Historically, this part of China also has an eventful history spanning thousands of years. The Boxer Rebellion last took place in this area in 1901, with the area being occupied by Japanese troops. The effects can still be seen there today.
If you want to treat yourself to this trip to Northeast China, you have come to the right place. Although many claim there isn’t much to see here, we think the attractions described below are an important part of China. So read on here and plan your trip to Northeast China with us.
Liaoning – on the way to northeast China
Liaoning Province is inhabited by around 42.6 million people, most of whom are Han Chinese. It is part of Manchuria and lies between North Korea, the Yellow Sea and Inner Mongolia. Many famous fossils of pterosaurs and other prehistoric creatures have been found in this province, such as the Microraptor or the Liaoningosaurus, which was even named after the province. This alone calls for an adventure.
As a European tourist, you will find most of the sights in the capital, Shenyang. In complete contrast to the local Chinese tourists who like to travel to Dalian. There are a number of beautiful sandy beaches and other facilities for a successful relaxing holiday. For tourists, there is only one architecturally interesting conference center and the historic Citibank building to visit in the city with 3.9 million inhabitants.
Discover the 14 prefecture-level cities in Liaoning
The Imperial Palace in the capital Shenyang
But let’s get back to the capital, which you should definitely visit. Shenyang is the largest city in Liaoning Province with a population of 5.7 million. Here you can visit another imperial palace worth seeing. This is a little smaller than the Forbidden City in Beijing. But as the palace of the Manchurian rulers, the complex has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004.
The Manchurians are a Tungusic people and are one of China’s recognized minorities. Since 1980, the government has even promoted the culture and language and protected it from disappearing, something the Han Chinese are very interested in. But let’s get back to the sights.
Two imperial tombs can be visited directly in the city of Shenyang. In the east of the city lies Dongling, Nurhachi’s grave. In the north of the city is the tomb of Huang Taijis. Both are in a park. Beiling Park has a huge area of 350 hectares. You can also visit the northern pagoda here. The city has also had a Mao Zedong statue since 1970.
In the east of the city of Shenyang, a bird island park and a sea aquarium as well as the international garden exhibition offer some variety to the cultural program. Shenyang is also known for its ski resorts in the Qipanshan Mountains. There is also a safari park with bears, lions, tigers and many other interesting animals. An ice sculpture festival also takes place annually in Shenyang. If you travel one and a half hours northeast from Shenyang by car, you will already reach Jilin Province.
Jilin – the Auspicious Forest
Jilin is the middle province of northeast China and also part of Manchuria. If you come from Shenyang, you drive 3 hours to the capital Changchun, where there is also an imperial palace. Emperor Puyi, appointed by Japan, resided here. You especially have to see the beautiful throne room. There are also a number of interesting Chinese markets and museums to visit.
This is how you can find the Museum of International Animation, Comics & Games by Dr. Horror Rolf Giesen from Germany. There is even a German restaurant in the capital. The University of Jilin has already employed many German guest professors.
8 prefecture-level cities and 1 autonomous district
- Jilin (City)
The nature reserve in the Changbai Mountains
In addition to the capital, Jilin Province in northeast China is primarily known for its 220,000 hectare nature reserve located in the Changbai Mountains. This is located directly on the Korean border and is part of UNESCO’s global nature conservation program.
By the way, the Changbai Mountains are called that because they always shimmer white. There is an extinct volcano here, the 2,155 meter high Baitoushan White Head Mountain. At the top lies the Himmelsee with an area of 9.2 km² in a 300 meter deep crater from the last volcanic eruption in 1702.
Heilongjiang – the Black Dragon River Province
Heilonjiang Province is located in the northeast of China and directly borders Russia. The most important river in the region is called Amur, or Heilong Jiang in Chinese. This is where the name of the province comes from. Mainly Han Chinese live here too. Heilongjiang Province has a total population of 31.8 million.
The capital Harbin delights many visitors with one of the four largest ice and snow festivals in the world. The Ice Lantern Festival takes place annually on January 5th. Here you can admire beautiful, artistic ice and snow sculptures and huge ice slides that you can actually slide on. In July, an international beer festival similar to Oktoberfest is held with lots of Harbin beer.
But there are also many Russian restaurants and several Russian bread bakeries that invite you to enjoy your meal here. Because of the immediate neighborhood, many Russians also live here. The unique architecture of the Harbin Grand Theater is as fascinating as the sounds of China’s oldest orchestra. You also shouldn’t miss the Saint Sophia Church in Harbin.
For nature lovers, the Hinggan Mountains in Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China offer a unique experience. Here, with some skill, you can observe lynxes, elks, brown bears, reindeer or a sable as well as Siberian fire weasels and many other animals in the wild. The Hinggan Mountains extend 1,400 km in this province starting into Inner Mongolia.
There is also a beautiful ski resort, the Ybuli Ski Resort, about 2 hours’ drive southeast of the capital Harbin. The largest ski jumps in China are also located there. You have now seen the most important sights in Northeast China. The best thing to do now is to plan your trip to Northeast China via our page on the places presented here.
Twelve independent cities and 1 administrative district
- Greater Hinggan Mountains Regency