Qatar Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

According to Baglib, Qatar is a small peninsula located in the Persian Gulf, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the United Arab Emirates to the east and north. It has a total area of 11,586 km² and a coastline of 563 km. The terrain is mostly flat and arid desert, with some low hills in the northeast. The highest point in Qatar is Qurayn Abu al Bawl at 103 m. The climate is arid desert, with mild winters and hot, humid summers. Rainfall is minimal, averaging 110 mm per year.

The majority of Qatar’s population lives in the capital city of Doha, located on the east coast of Qatar’s main island. Doha is home to many modern skyscrapers, luxurious shopping centers, cultural attractions such as Souq Waqif and Katara Cultural Village, as well as beaches for swimming and watersports like sailing and windsurfing.

Outside Doha are numerous smaller settlements such as Al-Khor and Umm Salal Muhammad where traditional Bedouin culture still thrives alongside modern development. There are also plenty of natural attractions to explore such as Khor Al Adaid – known as “The Inland Sea” – which separates Qatar from Saudi Arabia at its southern border. Further north along the coast are several coastal lagoons including Al Wakrah Lagoon which provide a great spot for birdwatching or just relaxing by the water’s edge.

The country also boasts two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Al Zubarah Fort on Qatar’s northwest coast – an archaeological site that was once an important trading port – and Al Jassasiya Carvings – ancient rock carvings found around various sites throughout Qatar that date back over 8,000 years ago!


Qatar is a small country in the Middle East, but it has its fair share of mountain ranges. The highest peak in Qatar is located within the Jebel Dukhan range and stands at 103 m (338 ft) above sea level. This range stretches across the south-central part of the country and is composed of sandstone and limestone ridges that stretch from east to west. The Jebel Fuwairat range lies in the north-central part of Qatar, and its highest peak stands at about 65 m (213 ft) above sea level. This range is made up of sandstone hills, which form a barrier between Qatar’s northern border with Saudi Arabia and its eastern border with Bahrain. In addition to these two major mountain ranges, there are numerous smaller mountains scattered throughout Qatar’s desert landscape. These mountains are generally composed of limestone or sandstone formations that have been shaped by erosion over time. Some of these smaller mountains are even home to rare species of plants and animals that have adapted to survive in this harsh environment.


The most prominent river in Qatar is the Wadi Umm Bab, which is located in the north-west region of the country. It flows through a wide range of terrains including mountains, plains, and sand dunes. This river is fed by many other smaller rivers and streams that originate from the Arabian Gulf. The Wadi Umm Bab River eventually empties into the Arabian Gulf near Al Khor City.

The Wadi Ghuwailina is another major river in Qatar. It runs through the south-western part of Qatar and passes through Dukhan Town before emptying into the Arabian Gulf near Mesaieed City. This river has a number of tributaries that feed it from different directions including from underground aquifers and rainfall runoff from nearby mountains. The Wadi Ghuwailina River is an important source of water for agricultural purposes as well as for recreational activities such as swimming, fishing, and kayaking.

The Wadi Al Batinah is Qatar’s third largest river and it originates near Al Khor City before winding its way through a number of townships including Doha, Umm Salal Muhammad, Al Wakrah, and Al Khawr before finally emptying into the Arabian Gulf near Abu Samrah City. This river provides an important source of drinking water to many communities along its course as well as providing irrigation to agricultural lands located along its banks.

Finally, there is also a fourth major river in Qatar called the Wadi Mebaireek which flows through north-eastern regions of Qatar before emptying into the Arabian Gulf at Ras Laffan Industrial City. This river has several tributaries that flow through various parts of Qatar including some areas in Saudi Arabia such as Hofuf Province. The Wadi Mebaireek River provides water for agricultural activities such as farming and livestock rearing which are very important economic activities within this region.


Qatar is home to several major lakes, the most well-known of which is Khor Al Udaid. Located in eastern Qatar, it is the largest lake in the country and is known as the “inland sea” due to its size. It covers an area of 30 square kilometers and has a maximum depth of 6 meters. The lake supports a variety of wildlife including flamingos, pelicans, herons, and egrets. It also contains several species of fish including mullet and catfish. Additionally, it provides habitat for endangered species such as sea turtles and dugongs. Khor Al Udaid also serves as an important source of fresh water for Qataris living in the area.

Another major lake in Qatar is Khor Al Adaid Lagoon which lies on the outskirts of Doha. This large lagoon covers an area of 12 square kilometers and has a maximum depth of 5 meters. It has been declared a protected area by The Ministry of Environment due to its importance for local wildlife such as crabs, shrimp, and fish species such as mullet and catfish. The lagoon also serves as an important nursery ground for these species and provides essential habitat for migrating birds during winter months. Additionally, it supports mangrove forests which provide vital refuge for marine life including endangered species like sea turtles.

Qatar Mountains

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