Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada


According to topschoolsintheusa, Newfoundland (Newfoundland) and Labrador is almost three times the size of the other maritime provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island combined and has 29,000 km of coastline. The province of eastern Canada has many historic towns and landmarks that document the nation’s beginnings. Newfoundland and Labrador symbolizes the beginnings of the New World and its connection to European settlers. Water Street in St. John’s, the provincial capital, claims to be the oldest street in North America. How strange that one is closer to Ireland’s Cape Clear than Ontario’s Thunder Bay. native people of Canada, the so-called First Nations (Métis and Innu) still live here, but mostly in isolated communities. They readily share how their own history influenced what is now Newfoundland and Labrador. The province is home to fascinating wildlife including moose, whales, waterfowl and black bears. It also offers some scenic delights, such as the amazing geological formations of the Gros Morne National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site) or the huge Torngat, Kaumajet and Kiglapait mountains with their primeval, rugged rocks.

Getting there

Arriving by plane

International connections are operated by Air Canada (AC). There are no direct flights from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Lufthansa (LH), Austrian Airlines (OS) and Swiss (LX) fly in cooperation with Air Canada (AC) via Toronto, Montréal or London to St. John’s. PAL Airlines (PB) offers flight connections within the province as well as to some other provinces.

Flight times

Frankfurt/M. – St. John’s: 11 hrs 25 mins; Zurich – St. John’s: 11 hours; Vienna – St. John’s: 13 hours (pure flight time, without stopovers).

Arrival by car

The most traveled road from mainland Canada is the Trans-Canada Highway (Route 1). It is 905 km from Port-aux-Basques on the west coast to St. John’s on the east coast. Most secondary roads to the coastal towns branch off this highway. Road 500, which is gravel, runs from Happy Valley-Goose Bay to Labrador. Western Labrador can be reached via a partially paved road from Baie-Comeau, Quebec. In the summer, the gravel road known as the “Freedom Highway” between Labrador City and Wabush and Churchill Falls and Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador is also open to traffic. Long-distance DRL-LR buses commute along Route 1 between St. John’s and Port aux Basque, stopping at numerous stations. Tolls: Newfoundland and Labrador roads are toll-free. Documents: The German national driving license is valid for 6 months in Canada. However, it is recommended that you carry your international driver’s license with you. All other nationalities require the International Driving Permit.

Arrival by train

The Québec North Shore and Labrador Railway, which is not connected to the Canadian rail network, runs from Sept-Iles, Quebec to Labrador City (journey time: approximately 10 hours).

Arrival by ship

There is a ferry service (journey time 55 mins) between the islands of St Pierre and Miquelon (French Overseas Territories) and Fortune on Newfoundland’s Burin Peninsula (journey time 90 mins). For more information contact St Pierre Ferry. Interregional ferries connect islanders to the larger cities. Summer ferries connect South Labrador and St. Barbe on Newfoundland’s Great North Peninsula. Remote settlements on the coast of Labrador and Newfoundland’s south coast are also served by coasters.

Ferry provider

Marine Atlantic passenger and car ferries operate year-round between North Sydney, Nova Scotia and Port-aux-Basques on Newfoundland’s south-west coast (journey time approximately 7 hours). From mid-June to mid-September, Marine Atlantic operates a ferry between North Sydney and Argentia on Newfoundland’s Avalon Peninsula (journey time: approximately 16 hours).

Passport and visa regulations

Entry with children

Since June 27, 2012, children need their own travel document (passport / children’s passport) for trips abroad (also within the EU). Entries of children in the parental passport are no longer possible.



Although Newfoundland is officially bilingual, English is 95% spoken in this province.

Public Holidays


As in the rest of Canada, plus:

Contact addresses

Department of Tourism, Culture, Industry and Innovation
Confederation Building, 100 Prince Philip Drive
St. John’s, NL
+1 (709) 729 28 31.


Business contacts

Atlantic Provinces Chamber of Commerce Suite 21, 236 St George Street, Moncton, New Brunswick E1C 1W1 Tel: (506) 857 39 80. Fax: (506) 859 61 31. Email: [email protected] Web: www.apcc.caSt. John’s Board of Trade PO Box 5127, Suite 301, 66 Kenmount Road, St. John’s, Newfoundland A1C 5V5 Tel: (709) 726 29 61. Fax: (709) 726 20 03. Email: [email protected]. ca Internet:



Post offices are open Mon-Fri 8am-5pm and Sat 9am-12.45pm.



The best way to get to the near-undisturbed wilderness of Labrador is by plane or ferry from Newfoundland ‘s St. Barbe.
Day trips along the coast are offered.
Longer tours can be
booked through numerous outfitters and tour operators in St. John’s. In winter it can get very cold. There are ski slopes
near Labrador City and cross-country skiing is also available. Goose Bay is a good base for nature and fishing trips inland.



Water Street in downtown St. John’s is the oldest shopping street in North America. Handicrafts, Grenfell parkas and Labrador jewelry are popular souvenirs.



The Newfoundland music scene, with Scottish and Irish accents, can be found at all village festivals as well as in nightclubs, bars, pubs and concerts. On the whole, however, evening entertainment is only offered sporadically.



Pork, molasses, salt fish, salt meat and boiled vegetables are served in abundance in this province’s hearty cuisine. Fish is the staple food, especially cod, which is available in stew, fish cakes, fried, salted, dried and fresh. Brewis is a dish of cooked salted cod with scrunchions (crispy pork rind). Other specialties include fried chicken livers with damper dog (a type of fried bread dough); cod sound pie; Crubeens (Irish pickled pig’s feet) and Fat Back and Molasses Dip (lard with molasses spread). Pies, jams, jellies and puddings are made from wild berries. A popular dessert is molasses pie. Beverages: Must be 19 or older to purchase alcohol.



There are about 500 hotels, motels and guesthouses with a total of over 7000 rooms. Most cities have hotels or guesthouses, the availability of which often depends on the season. In the wild and romantic interior of the island there are e.g. T. Log cabins or lodges available. Information on hotels can be obtained from the Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation (see addresses), through which the Association of Bed & Breakfast Hotels (inns) can also be contacted. Categories: Based on the guidelines of the Atlantic Canada Accommodation Grading Program, 1-5 star hotel classes are available (see accommodation in New Brunswick entry).


There are good camping opportunities in the wilderness of this province. Facilities are basic. Campmobiles can be rented from several companies. Further details from the Regional Tourist Office, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation (see addresses).


Best travel time

Very cold winters and mild summers.

Country data

Area (sq km)




Population density (per square km)


Population statistics year


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

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