Abbreviated as MO on abbreviationfinder.org, Missouri is one of the states of the North American Confederation, the 18th in decreasing order of surface (179,790 sq km), the smallest, after the end of Iowa, among the seven making up the central northwest area. The lower course of the great river, which gives it its name and crosses it from west to east until its confluence in the Mississippi (which forms the eastern border of the state, for more than 800 km.), Splits it wholesale in two clearly distinct parts: a north the region of the prairies (lowlands of the center), engraved by the deep valleys of the rivers that flow on the right of the Missouri and into the Mississippi; and to south the hilly area, quite moved, of the Ozark Ms (over 500 m.), which contrasts, along the Mississippi, a more or less wide band of marshes and marshes.
The climate is distinctly continental, with winters, however, not excessively rigid, but with marked annual excursions (St Louis, average temperature in January −0 °, 6; in July 26 °, 2; in the year 13, 2; annual rainfall 964 mm.; the quantity is decreasing rapidly towards the West).
The land, apart from the southern part marshy or rocky, lends itself well to crops everywhere, affecting less than 2 / 3state area; where these are not possible, the subsoil offers the compensation of large and varied mineral resources. Mostly cereals are cultivated, and among these in the first place corn (67.88 million hl. In 1932), which covers about half of the cultivated area and represents 40% of the total value of agricultural production (55 million dollars in 1932). Followed by oats (11.25 million hl.), Wheat (5.44 million hl.), Potatoes, etc. In the southern part of the state, cotton, tobacco and various fruit species thrive. The prairies allow for intense livestock farming (188 million dollars of product, in 1932): the numerical consistency gives (1932) over 4 million pigs, 2 million cattle (1.3 million dairy cows), 1.2 millions of sheep, 574,000 horses. Even the forests,
The Joplin region, near the western border, contains rich deposits of coal, zinc and lead; three minerals that Missouri abounds in. In the 1931 campaign a little less than 3 million tons of coal was obtained, 190 thousand tons. of lead and 10 thousand of zinc. There is also no shortage of silver, manganese, antimony, cobalt, arsenic, nitro and salt, marble and limestone. The total value of mining production amounted to over $ 69 million in 1930.
Industrial development here appears greater than in any other state in the confederacy west of Mississippi. In 1929 there were 5757 enterprises with 201.174 workers. They prevail over all the leather industries (production value: 246 million dollars in 1930); followed by milling, food, paper and wood, mechanical (vehicle construction), metallurgical, etc., essentially concentrated along the course of the two major rivers.
Missouri, admitted to the Union in 1821, had 682,000 inhabitants in 1850; 1.2 million in 1860; 2.2 million in 1880 and 3, the million in 1900. In the last three decades, the increase was relatively weak: 6% from 1900 to 1910; 3.4% from 1910 to 1920; 6.6% from 1920 to 1930. The 1930 census marked 3,629,367 residents (20 per sq. Km.), Maximum figures in the NO central states area.
Negroes represent 6.2% of the total, those born abroad just 4.1%. Among these nuclei, more numerous are those of the Germans (28.3%), the Russians (10.3%) and the Italians (10.2%), which totaled 15,204 in 1930. The population lives gathered for 51%., 2% in centers with more than 2500 inhabitants, but only four of these exceed 50 thousand inhabitants (St Louis the most populous city in the state with 821,960 inhabitants, Kansas City, St Joseph, Springfield: all, except the last, in the valleys of the two major rivers). The capital is Jefferson, also located on Missouri (21,596 residents In 1930).
The first explorations made in this region were by the French, because Missouri was originally a part of the French province of Louisiana. After the expedition of J. Marquette and L. Joliet (1673) and during the whole century. XVIII, numerous centers were founded by the colonizers, namely Fort Orléans (1719), at the confluence of the Missouri and Osage, Sainte-Geneviève (1755) on the right bank of the Mississippi, Saint-Louis (1764). French colonists also gave themselves, since 1720, to exploit the lead mines effectively. In 1803 the French province of Louisiana was sold by Napoleon to the American republic. Then a subdivision of the territory took place by the Congress; that is, the district of Louisiana, west of the Mississippi, was distinct and detached from the territory of Orleans, whose name was changed to that of Missouri. Numerous emigrants joined the 8,000 French who populated the Missouri area until reaching the remarkable figure of 60,000 in 1817, of which 10,000 were slaves. It was then that the population insisted on joining the Union. This annexation necessarily had to awaken the dispute between slavers and abolitionists. On the one hand, the proponents of free labor did not intend to admit a state in which slavery was practiced and legally recognized; the southern states, for their part, strongly supported the right of Missourians to choose their own internal organization. This dispute lasted two years, until Henry Clay proposed and made Congress accept a transitional pact, called the “Missouri compromise”, which essentially recognized slavery in Missouri, provided that the states of the republic in N. of 36 ° 30 of lat. forbade it absolutely in their territory. Thus the number of slaves in the new state of the Union grew, reaching 115,000 in 1860, but the compromise was no longer respected when Kansas tried to organize itself as a free state. The most bitter opponent Kansas had on that occasion was Missouri. Then a real civil war broke out which degenerated into scenes of savage violence. but the compromise was no longer respected when Kansas tried to organize itself in a free state. The most bitter opponent Kansas had on that occasion was Missouri. Then a real civil war broke out which degenerated into scenes of savage violence. but the compromise was no longer respected when Kansas tried to organize itself in a free state. The most fierce opponent Kansas had on that occasion was Missouri. Then a real civil war broke out which degenerated into scenes of savage violence.
This was the beginning of the Civil War (see United States : History). In 1865 a new constitution was reached, which was amended in 1870 and which granted greater freedom. The Republican radicals held government until 1870, until they were defeated by a combination of Republican and Democrat liberals who abolished the oath of faith and any other reminder of the intolerant wartime legislation.
According to countryaah.com, Jefferson City is a city of the USA (39,274 residents In 2006), and capital of Missouri. Founded in 1826 on the Missouri River, it has mechanical, food, footwear, clothing and furniture industries.