Gaelic, term for the Celtic languages of the Gaelic Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man, mostly differentiated as Irish (Irish language), Gaelic in the narrower sense (Scottish Gaelic) and Manx (or Manx Gaelic). These three languages form thebranch of Island Celtic knownas Goidelic; a split into West and Ostgoidel can be observed between the 10th and 13th centuries; Scottish Gaelic and Manx differentiated in the 15th and 16th. Century to independent languages.
Carrauntoohil [kærən tu ː əl], Carrantuohill [kærən tu ː əl], the highest mountain in Ireland (1041 m above sea level), in the McGillicuddy Reeks, in County Kerry in the southwest of the island.
Waterford [ w ɔ ː təfəd], Irish County Waterford [port la ː rgi], city in the south of the Republic of Ireland, at the estuary of the River Suir, (2016) 48,400 residents.
Seat of a Catholic and an Anglican bishop; technological college; Theater Royal, art museum; major crystal glass manufacturing, industrial parks with food, pharmaceutical and other industries; Seaport; Airport.
The Danish defense tower from 1003 (Reginald’s Tower) on the river is now a museum. From the Dominican monastery founded in 1226 and the Franciscan monastery from 1240 only parts remain (especially the French Church, around 1240). Buildings from the 18th century are the Catholic Cathedral Holy Trinity (consecrated 1786) and the Christ Church (1773–79; changed when it was raised to the Irish Cathedral in 1891) as well as City Hall (1788) and Chamber of Commerce (1795). The Court House was completed in 1849.
Conquered by Vikings in 914 who made Waterford one of the most important cities in Ireland. Conquered by Anglo-Normans in 1172, Waterford (city charter confirmed in 1206) became one of the most important ports for traffic to England.
Limerick, Irish Luimneach [ limnax], administrative center of the County of the same name in the West of Ireland, whose estuary begins in Limerick on the River Shannon, (2016) 58,300 residents.
Catholic and Anglican bishopric; University (founded in 1989), technological college; Municipal Contemporary Art Gallery, Hunt Museum. Limerick is the main economic center on the west coast of Ireland; traditional branches of industry are mainly the processing of agricultural products and the textile industry, in newer industrial parks there are among others. multinational electronics companies, technology park; Ocean port; Shannon International Airport is 12 miles away.
The Shannon and Abbey Rivers divide the urban area into three parts, which are connected by several bridges. The early Gothic Saint Mary Cathedral was built in 1142–80. Other medieval churches are Saint Munchin and Saint John in Whitamore’s. King John’s Castle (13th century) is located on King’s Island in the Shannon. The neo-Gothic Catholic Cathedral of Saint John dates from the mid-19th century.
Limerick was the capital of a kingdom of the Vikings in the 10th century, from the early 12th century until it was occupied by the English King Henry II (1174), seat of the Kings of Thomond (Nordmunster); In 1197 it received city rights for the first time from Richard I the Lionheart. Under John I Without Land, the English Town was founded at the beginning of the 13th century on King’s Island in the Shannon, opposite the Irish Town, and secured by a fort. 1691 could the resistance of the city against Wilhelm III. to be terminated only by the “Treaty of Limerick,” which granted Catholics freedom of religion and guaranteed their land ownership; however, the contract was not kept. In 1769 the third part of town, Newton Pery, was founded.
Galway [ g ɔ ː lwe ɪ, English], Irish Gaillimh [ g ɑ ː lə], county-level city in the west of Ireland, the administrative center of Galway, at the Galway Bay (Atlantic Ocean) (2016) 79 500 residents.
Catholic bishopric; economic and intellectual center of Central West Ireland with the National University of Ireland, Galway (until 1997 University College), and the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology. Galway has a diverse industry (mechanical engineering, electronics industry, etc.), mostly relocated with foreign capital, in several industrial parks, construction, financial services, tourism; international Airport.
According to getzipcodes.org, the construction of a castle (1124) and extensive trade relations quickly led the port city to a boom. B. from Spain (houses with patio) can still be recognized today. Lynch’s Castle (16th century) is now a bank building. The Anglican Church of Saint Nicholas was built in the 14th century and redesigned several times. The outflow of Lough Corrib into Galway Bay is spanned by three bridges, at the Salmon Weir Bridge (1818) is the classicist Court House (1800), the middle O’Brien’s Bridge already existed in 1342, below the Claddagh Bridge is the old city gate » Spanish Arch «(now the City Museum).
Cork [k ɔ ː k], Irish Cork [k ɔ r ki ː ], county-level city in the Republic of Ireland, the administrative center of Cork, (2016) 125 600 residents.
Located on the south coast at the inner end of the confluence of the Lee, which widens sharply below the city (Cork Harbor) and has numerous islands; Seat of a Catholic and an Anglican bishop; University College – National University of Ireland, technical college, music college, art and design college; city history museum, art gallery (Lewis Glucksman Gallery); Opera house, theater; European Capital of Culture 2005. Port and industrial city, economic and trade center for the south of Ireland. The industry includes a petroleum refinery (Whitegate), chemical plants, pharmaceutical industry, breweries and whiskey distilleries as well as medium-sized companies in many branches in newer industrial parks. Cork’s outer harbor is Cobh; international Airport.
The oldest parts of the city are located on an island on the lee, and marshland was drained for urban expansion. The church of Saint Anne (1726) in the Shandon district is known for its eight bells.
In the vicinity of a monastery occupied in the 7th century on the high area south of the Lee, a trading colony of the Vikings was established in the 10th century and an Anglo-Norman trading town in the 12th century, which fell to the English crown in 1177.
Dublin [ d ʌ bl ɪ n ] (Irish Baile Atha Cliath), capital of the Republic of Ireland with (2016) 553,200 residents.
On the Irish Sea, on both sides of the Liffey. The city has three universities, including the University of Dublin (Trinity College). The diverse industry (electronics, biotechnology, food and beverages) is characterized by many foreign branches.
Two cathedrals, Trinity College and the dense juxtaposition of historic and ultra-modern buildings make Dublin a popular travel destination.
Sligo [ sla ɪ gə ʊ ], Irish Sligeach [ ʃ li ː ax], County in the Republic of Ireland, 1,791 km 2, (2016) 65,400 residents; The administrative headquarters are in Sligo. The county is part of the historic Connacht Province.
Roscommon [r ɔ s k ɔ mən], Irish Ros Comáin [ros komin], county in the historic province of Connacht, Republic of Ireland, 2,445 km 2, (2016) 64,400 residents; The administrative seat is in Roscommon; located in the central lowlands (the Shannon flows through the county). Sheep and cattle farming, industrial parks.
Mayo [ me ɪ ə ʊ ], Irish County Mayo [ m ɑ ː jo], county in the historic province of Connacht, in the northwest of the Republic of Ireland, 5,351 km 2, (2016) 130 400 residents; The administrative seat is Castlebar. Mayo is part of the Caledonian mountainous region (with the Croagh Patrick), large areas are occupied by overhead bogs; only a small part of the country can be used intensively for agriculture. Small farms with cattle and sheep farming determine agriculture. A strongly indented, delightful coast, possibilities for deep sea fishing and numerous fishing villages form the basis for the developing tourism.
Leitrim [ li ː tr ɪ m], Irish Liatroim [ liətrim], county in the historic province of Connacht, Republic of Ireland, 1,502 km 2, (2016) 32,000 residents, administrative center is Carrick-on-Shannon. Leitrim borders in the north on the Atlantic Ocean (only narrow access), on County Donegal and on Northern Ireland, it encompasses mountains (up to 587 m above sea level) and is part of the lowlands in the interior of the island, which are characterized by glacial deposits and rich in lakes and raised bogs. Small-scale farming with livestock.
Galway [ g ɔ ː lwe ɪ, English], Irish Gaillimh [ g ɑ ː lə], County in the west of Ireland, 5,796 km 2, (2016) 179 000; Galway headquarters. In the glacial mountainous region of Connemara in the west, with the quartzite peaks of the Twelve Bens and extensive moorland, there is small-scale farming, sheep farming and tourism, cattle grazing in the lowlands of the east and fishing on the coast.