Iran is an ancient country with a rich culture and vibrant society. With a population of over 82 million people, Iran is the 18th most populous country in the world and is home to a diverse range of ethnic and religious groups.
The majority of the population are Persian-speaking Shia Muslims, with smaller populations of Kurds, Azeris, Lurs, Balochs, Turkmens and Arabs. There are also significant religious minorities such as Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians.
Iran has a long history of art and literature with many famous poets such as Hafez and Rumi who have had an immense influence on the culture. Iranian music also has a long tradition dating back centuries with popular genres such as classical Persian music, folk music and traditional Iranian music.
Family plays an important role in Iranian society with strong ties between family members that often extend beyond immediate relatives to cousins, uncles and aunts. Respect for elders is also highly valued in Iranian culture along with hospitality which is seen as an important virtue to uphold when welcoming guests into one’s home.
Despite its conservative nature, Iran has seen significant progress in terms of social reforms over the past decade including increased access to education for women and greater freedom for young people to express themselves through fashion or other activities.
Overall, Iran is a diverse country with many different cultures coexisting within its borders that each has their own unique customs and traditions that make up its vibrant society.
Demographics of Iran
According to wholevehicles.com, Iran is a diverse country with a population of over 82 million people. The majority of the population are Persian-speaking Shia Muslims, with smaller populations of Kurds, Azeris, Lurs, Balochs, Turkmens and Arabs. There are also significant religious minorities such as Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians.
The population of Iran is largely young with around 50% being under the age of 25 and only 6% over the age of 65. The gender balance in Iran is slightly skewed towards males with only 48% of the population being female.
Approximately 60% of Iranians are urban dwellers while 40% live in rural areas. Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and home to around 8 million people. Other major cities include Mashhad, Isfahan and Karaj.
Iran’s literacy rate stands at around 86%, which is higher than many other countries in the region but still lower than most developed countries. Women’s literacy rates remain lower than men’s at just 78%. Education levels have improved significantly over recent years due to increased investment in schools and universities across the country.
The official language spoken in Iran is Persian (Farsi), however many other languages such as Kurdish, Turkish and Arabic are also spoken by minority groups within the country. English has become increasingly popular amongst younger generations due to its widespread use on social media platforms as well as its practical applications for those looking to pursue further education abroad or work in international companies operating within Iran.
Overall, Iran has a diverse population made up of various ethnicities and religions that coexist peacefully within its borders despite their differences.
Poverty in Iran
Poverty is a major issue in Iran. According to the World Bank, approximately 17.6% of the population lives below the national poverty line in Iran. This figure is higher than many other countries in the region, such as Turkey (13.7%) and Saudi Arabia (2%).
The main causes of poverty in Iran are high unemployment, low wages and income inequality. The unemployment rate stands at around 11%, with youth unemployment being significantly higher at around 25%. Low wages are also a major issue due to the fact that minimum wage is set by the government and tends to remain stagnant over time due to inflation. Income inequality has also been increasing over time due to a lack of economic opportunities for those living in rural areas or from disadvantaged backgrounds.
Poverty disproportionately affects certain groups within Iran such as women, children and minorities. Women are particularly vulnerable due to their lower levels of education and access to employment opportunities which results in them having lower incomes than men on average. Children are also affected by poverty, with around 20% of those under 18 living below the poverty line according to UNICEF estimates. Finally, religious minorities such as Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians are often excluded from economic opportunities due to discrimination and face higher levels of poverty than other groups within society.
The government has implemented various policies aimed at tackling poverty in recent years such as increasing access to healthcare services, providing subsidies for basic goods and services and investing in job creation initiatives but these have had limited success so far due to a lack of resources or political will.
Overall, poverty remains an issue in Iran despite recent efforts by the government to address it. It disproportionately affects certain groups such as women, children and religious minorities who require additional support from both the government and civil society organisations if they are going to escape poverty for good.
Labor Market in Iran
According to Countryvv, the labor market in Iran is highly regulated by the government and can be divided into two main categories: the formal and informal economies. The formal economy consists of organized industries such as banking, oil and gas, manufacturing, telecommunications, construction, and agriculture. It is characterized by job security, benefits such as health insurance and pensions, and higher wages compared to the informal economy. However, access to this sector is often limited due to a lack of education or experience.
The informal economy in Iran is much larger than the formal one and is made up of small businesses such as street vendors or home-based industries. It offers little job security or benefits but can provide a source of income for those who are unable to access the formal sector. This sector also includes workers in the ‘shadow’ economy which includes activities such as smuggling or money laundering which are illegal but still exist due to a lack of enforcement from the authorities.
The labor force in Iran consists mainly of men with women making up only around 17% according to World Bank estimates. Women have traditionally faced discrimination when it comes to employment opportunities due to cultural norms which dictate that they should stay at home rather than work outside of it. This has resulted in them having lower levels of education on average compared to men which limits their access to jobs in certain sectors such as engineering or finance.
Unemployment remains high in Iran with an estimated 11% overall unemployment rate according to World Bank estimates with youth unemployment being significantly higher at around 25%. The main causes for this include a lack of economic opportunities due to sanctions imposed by other countries, an inefficient government bureaucracy which makes it difficult for businesses to operate legally, and high inflation rates which have eroded people’s purchasing power over time.
Overall, the labor market in Iran is characterized by high unemployment rates and inequality between men and women when it comes to employment opportunities. The government has implemented various policies aimed at improving conditions for workers but these have had limited success so far due to a lack of resources or political will. In order for conditions within the labor market in Iran to improve significantly there needs to be greater investment from both public and private entities as well as more enforcement from authorities when it comes tackling illegal activities within the informal sector.