The orographic conditions of the Austrian territory and the historical development of exchanges between different environments, north and south of the Alps, and between the Bavarian and Hungarian plains, have favored a series of communications, which, linked to the morphology of the territory, have preserved their value over the centuries, even with the evolution of means of transport, and they retain it even today, although they are only the remains of a more complete communications network of the entire Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. There are three prevailing communication directions: an easier one, longitudinal, from west to east, along the Danube, from Passau to Vienna and Budapest and inside the alpine valleys, which are joined together by depressed passes, such as those of the Inn, of the Salzach, of the Enns in the north, of the Mur, of Mürz and Semmering in the center, of Pusteria and Alta Drava in the south, which today connect the capital and the foothill provinces to the more distant and inland Alpine provinces. The other, harsher but more important, is transverse from north to south, for the transalpine passes, such as the Brenner route, from the Bavarian to the Italian borders, trunk of the great secular communication from Germany to Italy; that of the Tauern, between the Salzburg, the Drava, the basin of Klagenfurt and Ljubljana; the other of the Pyhrn Pass, from the Danube to the Enns valley, to that of the Mur, towards Croatia; as well as the foothills that from Hungary to Vienna go up to Moravia and Bohemia.
A third direction of the exchange movement, also of great value, is oblique to the first two, making use of both transverse and longitudinal sections of the road network; such as, from north-east to south-west, the road marked by the Semmering, the Mürz and the Murtal, the Sella di Neumarkt, the Drava and Tarvisio, which connects the basin of Vienna to the Friuli plain and the Adriatic; and from north-west to south-east, the road marked by the valleys of the Enns, the Mur and the Schober saddle, which connects the valley of the Inn and the Salzburg with Graz. of Vienna, the median valley of the Mur, the Klagenfurt basin, the Innsbruck basin, which are still important communication centers today, even though the historical territory to which they were linked has been dismembered. For Austria travel information, please check zipcodesexplorer.com.
Civil aviation. – Civil aviation in Austria depends on the aviation department at the Ministry of Trade and Transport.
The only Austrian company founded in 1924 is the Österreichische Luftverkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft based in Vienna. In 1927 it made an agreement with some foreign companies for the management of the lines to Germany, Italy and Hungary. In 1928 the lines operated by the Austrian company carried 5,847 passengers, 7,000 kg. of mail and 97,000 kg. of baggage with a total of 2810 flights. German, Hungarian, French, Polish and Italian foreign companies operate airlines across the Austrian territory.
The airlines managed exclusively by the Austrian company are: the Vienna-Salzburg-Innsbruck: km. 255, 3 hours, daily service; the Salzburg-Klagenfurt: service three times a week, km. 165, active only in some months of the year; the Vienna-Brno-Krakow, service three times a week, km. 390, carried out in three hours.
The international lines managed by foreign companies in cooperation with the Austrian company are: the Vienna-Graz-Klagenfurt-Venice, managed by Transadriatica, an anonymous air navigation company in cooperation with the Austrian company; daily service; the route of 510 km. it takes place in 4.30 am; the Vienna-Prague-Dresden-Berlin, managed by Deutsche Luft-Hansa in cooperation with the Austrian company; daily service; the route of 525 km. it takes place in 5.10 hours. This is the busiest line since it opened. In Prague there is a connection with the Central European air network, in Berlin with the entire Russian and German network. The Vienna-Budapest is managed by Magyar Légforgalmi Rezvenytársaság in cooperation with the Austrian company; daily service; the distance of km. 210 is carried out in 1.35 hours. The line coincides with the Vienna-Venice.
The international lines managed exclusively by foreign companies are: the Vienna-Munich, daily service, managed by Luft-Hansa. This line in Munich coincides with the Swiss line and the German line. The Vienna-Prague-Strasbourg-Paris, daily service, managed by the Compagnie internationale de navigation aérienne; the Vienna-Budapest-Constantinople, a daily service, managed by the Compagnie internationale de navigation aérienne, is an extension of the previous one. The Vienna-Krakow daily service, operated by Polska Linja Lotnicza Aerolot.
The main air bases are: Aspern (Vienna), customs airport, 10 km. E. from the center of Vienna; measure m. 800 by 600; it has 5 hangars, a management, offices, a repair shop, a petrol depot; Graz (Thalerhof), customs airport, 10 km. in S. of Graz; measure m. 1000 by 500; it has 3 hangars, a management, offices, repair shop, etc.; Klagenfurt Customs Airport 3km. NE. from the city center; measure m. 550 for 500; it has 1 hangar, management, offices, a fuel depot for limited quantities; Innsbruck, civil airport, 2 km. and 600 m. NE. of the city; measure m. 450 by 500; it has 2 metal hangars, a direction, offices, the installation of a radio-telegraph station is planned; Salzburg, civil airport, 3 km. and 500 m. O. from the city center; measure m. 600 by 400; it has some hangars and offices.