The official name is the United Republic of Tanzania. The state is located in East Africa. Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world, the economy is focused on agriculture (coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cloves, bananas, vegetables and fruits, livestock). The country is mining (diamonds, gold, iron ore). The share of the service sector in the economy is 50%. From 1885, Tanzania fell into the sphere of German interests and was under its influence until the end of World War II, after which it became a protectorate of Great Britain. In December 1961, the state gains independence, and in January 1967 the ghost of communism visits the country. “Nation building” under the leadership of the Communist Party continues for 28 years, and in 1995 the first free democratic elections are held.
Geography of Tanzania
According to Extrareference, Tanzania consists of mainland and insular parts (Zanzibar Island). In the north, the country borders with Uganda, in the northwest – with Rwanda and Bugundi, in the northeast – with Kenya, in the southwest – with Zambia and Malawi, in the south – with Mozambique, in the west – with Congo. From the east, the country is washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean. By the nature of the relief, Tanzania is divided into coastal lowlands, the East African Plateau and several mountain ranges, the highest of which is Mount Kilimanjaro (5.895 m, the highest peak in Africa). There are three large lakes on the territory of Tanzania: Victoria, Tanganyika (second only to Baikal in depth) and Nyasa. The legislative capital of Tanzania is Dodoma, the administrative capital is Dar es Salaam.
The area of the country is 945 thousand sq. km.
About 39 million people live in Tanzania.
The official currency is the Tanzanian shilling.
Official language – Swahili and English
For citizens of the Russian Federation visa on arrival up to 30 days
The climate is subequatorial. In the south, the rainy season falls between November and April. There are two rainy seasons in the north – from March to May and from September to November. On the coast and islands, the climate is humid, but, thanks to the sea breeze, quite comfortable. The average air temperature is +28…+30 C, water +24…+26 C. In the central part of the country the air temperature is +22…+25 C, the climate is dry. In the highlands of the country (Kilimanjaro and Meru), temperatures drop below zero.
230V/50Hz, socket type D (old British three-prong plug, round pins) and G (modern British three-prong plug, rectangular pins).
On the mainland: Christians 30%, Muslims 35%, local cults 35%. Zanzibar is 99% Muslim.
In general, Tanzania is a safe country. However, valuables should be left in hotel safes, or better yet, not taken from home on a trip at all. It is not recommended to carry large sums of money with you; pickpockets can hunt in tourist places. At night, avoid walking in deserted places.