The Kingdom of Nepal is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, which is located in the highest mountains of the world – the Himalayas. The beautiful nature of Nepal, impenetrable jungle, stormy cold rivers, snow-capped highlands, green valleys and unique culture make this country one of the best for recreation. Rich cultural heritage, Buddhist temples, shamanism attract lovers of everything unusual and new. Ancient legends say that the Gods chose the highest mountains to watch people. Those who visit Nepal at least once will always remember this feeling of closeness to heaven.
Geography of Nepal
According to itypemba, the Republic of Nepal is located in Asia and is located between the two largest countries in terms of population. From the north, Nepal borders on the autonomous republic of China – Tibet, and from the south – India. From the northern part, Nepal is surrounded by the Himalayan range, which is known for its high mountains, among which the highest point in the world is Everest. In addition, Nepal is the highest mountainous country in the world and more than 40% of its entire territory lies at an altitude of at least 3000 meters.
In terms of area, Nepal ranks 94th in the world and occupies 140,800 km².
According to the latest data, the population of the republic is 29,330,000 people.
The official currency of the country is the Nepalese rupee.
The official language is Nepali.
Issued at the consulate in Russia or at the border upon arrival.
The climate in the republic is quite diverse and varies from tropical in the south to arctic in the highlands. In the north of the country there is a tundra zone with eternal glaciers, and in the south there are subtropical jungles. The seasons are well distinguished, summer is hot and humid due to monsoon rains that carry moisture from the Indian Ocean, and dry but cold in winter, snow falls in the highlands. The best time to visit Nepal is considered to be spring and autumn, just then you can comfortably observe the incredible beauty of nature and the greenery of the valleys.
The main transport in Nepal is taxis and buses. It must be said that in Nepal there is absolutely no rail transport and the main way to get to distant areas is by bus. If you have planned a long trip between several cities, it is best to book tickets in advance with your local travel agency. Tourist buses travel daily between cities such as Kathmandu, Pokhara and Chitwan. These buses are very comfortable and they are designed exclusively for tourists. In such buses, a small lunch is available during the transfer. If you are not satisfied with bus transport, you can order a personal minibus. The roads in Nepal are paved and the speed will depend on how many pets walk on the roadway. The traffic here is left-handed and drivers constantly have to maneuver between people, cyclists and animals, most likely because of this, foreigners are not allowed to drive here and can only be ordered with a driver. One of the best modes of transport for tourists in cities will be rickshaws, since the cost of their services is much less than that of a taxi, besides, they know the city very well and will be able to show you the most interesting places.
Currency exchange is carried out in banks or special exchange offices, where there is a commission for the exchange. Banks in Nepal are open from Monday to Thursday 9.00-14.30, and on Friday from 10.00 to 12.00, Saturday is a day off. Exchange offices are open from 9.00 to 19.00, almost all seven days a week. As of May 2011, the exchange rate of the Nepalese rupee against the ruble is 1 RUB = 2.56 NPR.
230V/50Hz European standard sockets
Today, Nepal is a unique Hindu state. But if you usually ask a resident of a country whether he is a Buddhist or a Hindu, he will say that he is both. The fact is that the Nepalese at the same time believe in both Buddha and Shiva, no matter what spoil the relationship with any of the gods. According to the latest estimates, 85% of the inhabitants of Nepal consider themselves Hindus, 9% Buddhists and 3% Muslims, Christians in Nepal are less than 1%. In addition to these religions, Nepal is also rich in pagan religions.
For tourists, security in Nepal is at a fairly high level, as in many Asian countries. A friendly attitude towards foreign tourists is the main feature of the Nepalese people. Since they understand that this is one of the main, and sometimes the only source of income for them, but at the same time, tourists must respect their religion and traditions. However, if a tourist, due to his ignorance of customs, performs an action that may threaten to disturb the order, he is warned about this.
In Nepal, health care is rather poorly developed and in rural areas you can often get sick with dysentery, typhoid or tuberculosis, which are not rare there. Very often in the highlands there are cases of leprosy. Special medical programs introduced by the state have led to the fact that the number of cases of malaria and smallpox has decreased. The problem of malnutrition remains an acute problem to this day, especially in the high mountain regions of the country.