To follow children with delays in oral language acquisition, can gather in the speech of the parents that their children have no interest in toys. Many are bought and stored or thrown in a corner of the room. Given this, we ask ourselves: what causes detachment size?
Well, we can cite a number of reasons, but there are some that cannot be disregarded. The first is that many parents buy toys for kids with more advanced ages, in order to speed up your development, however these toys they generate disinterest and discourage the play.
The second reason is the excessive amount of toys, because we live in a consumer society children learn from an early age to become collectors of toys. Many of them ask for lots of toys to parents, but the intention is not to play, but show to the classmates, whereas this “competition” should not be encouraged at home and not in school.
The third reason relates that, currently, the parents without time tend to replace the Act of sitting on the floor and play with your kids by buying a toy, however it is necessary to understand that the game itself is more important than the toy. The interaction with the family and other children are irreplaceable factors in all ages. In short, what favours the acquisition of language in children is the interaction, so parents need to (re) learn to play.
The proposed solution is to explain to the children that not everything can be bought, but also seek to attract the child for games that do not need necessarily to toys, for example: play hide and seek, tag, sing children’s songs and stories, these activities in addition to stimulate the development of psychomotor skills, also collaborate in the use of the imagination by hearing and retelling a story and strengthen the family bond.
Here are some suggestions of toys recommended for each stage of the child:
0 To 12 Months
At that stage, colorful toys are recommended, and that they are in the hands of babies, because while the child hasn’t been ideal is a toy that doesn’t move much. In the first three months, colorful mobiles can be used to put in the crib and are manipulated by the child, for the movement of trying to grab and hold the object already encourages the development of motor coordination, such as the use of rattles.
When teeth begin to appear around the age of 7 months it is important to use biters. In this phase, the five senses are touched and is common to child take all the mouth, thus using the teether stimulates the dentition.
From the 9 months, can be used for simple fittings and toys to assemble with large pieces. Objects can also be used with different textures to explore the sensitivity, for example: balls and washable fabric or other material.
The songs are important tools of interaction, because from the womb the baby’s contact with the outside world through the sounds. However, television and electronic toys are not recommended for this phase, because the image that forms on TV not be sharp for the baby, leaving him confused.Already the electronic toys are usually too loud causing unnecessary stress.
At the age of ten months, the baby presents a greater mobility and must be stimulated with the use of toys and objects in which can support. In this phase, it is important to also offer toys with mirrors so that the child can recognize.
1 To 3 Years
At this stage, the child has more movements and brinquedos should encourage to the first steps arise, it is also important to provide the balance. Some can be used as: push and pull toys. The use of dolls (the) great help with the get, and to recognize the parts of the body on the ride.Are suggested also toys with pieces of varying sizes and they can be placed one inside the other, this allows the recognition of different forms and the notion of space when using these pieces. Also recommends
books of cloths with simple pictures, tricycles with or without pedal and rocking horse.
It is of the utmost importance to encourage interaction with other children, especially in the period in which they are learning to walk. You can use big balls and ask you to try to kick your little friend (a).
3 To 5 Years
In this phase, the peak of the world of fantasy, so ideally use toys that broaden the children’s imagination, so parents should start telling stories and mainly play “make-believe”. Besides the symbolic joke, can be entered using puppets, masks, costumes, coloring books and draw, because creativity run loose at that stage.
5 To 7 Years
At that stage, stimulation of the process of literacy, soon are interesting games with letters and jokes involving the alphabet, as the wooden alphabet and books with short texts. From the 5 years, the games achieve a new level of sophistication, that can be inserted dolls (the) minors, as well as some games like dominoes, Lady, ludo, puzzle with more pieces and smaller stands. During this period, it is necessary to stimulate the physical development of the child, it is recommended that games in order to enhance the creative process and group interaction.
7 To 10 Years
Over time, the child begins to prioritize jokes with a high level of sophistication, with a view that competitiveness becomes at that stage and the preference is for logical reasoning. Kits of professions, as a mechanic, doctor, scientist and Cook, and more complex games are ideal for this phase. Physical development is rather stimulated with the use of bicycles, skateboards and roller skates.