Symptoms of Multiple Pregnancy

Increasingly occur multiple pregnancies. Although the country with more pregnancy car be Nigeria, and Japan with less, Europe and Portugal in General has been increasing your rate, in that every 1:00 pm 8 is multiple pregnancies. One of the major reasons leading to increased pregnancy car are fertility treatments and pregnancy after 35 years. However, although it can be a challenge, having twins is always a double happiness.

A car or multiple pregnancy is considered a risk pregnancy since for the pregnant there is a higher risk of complications such as gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and anemia. For infants there is a risk of growth restriction and preterm labor. So, in case of car monitoring of pregnancy pregnancy should be greater and more regular.

The Multiple Pregnancy

The multiple pregnancy is frequent, usually one in 80. The vast majority of cases is a double pregnancy, since gestation of more than two fetuses are less frequent. Triple pregnancy, in which are generated three fetuses and the consequent birth of triplets, occurs in one in every 8,000 pregnant women. Quadruple pregnancy, or quadruplets, occurs in one in every 750,000 pregnant women, while pregnancy 5-tuple, or five twins, only occurs in one in every 65 million, being pregnant or sixfold séptupla quite rare.

Symptoms of Multiple Pregnancy

During the first quarter to be carrying twins can mean having symptoms, namely nausea, heartburn and fatigue. Later, problems associated with pregnancy such as hemorrhoids, back pain and tiredness will be more evident because the belly weight will naturally be greater. The probability of suffering from high blood pressure (hypertension) is larger and, in late pregnancy, you may have to be home early, around 26 weeks. Due to the likelihood of anemia will probably have to take iron supplements, but you must talk to your doctor.

Determine the Placentas

It is important to determine how many placentas exist and not just how many babies are forming. Mostly, the pregnancy car has separate placentas (twins dicoreónicos) or fraternal twins. About 20% of the time of the placenta is shared giving rise to monocoriónicos twins or identical twins. This type of pregnancy is typically more complicated, requiring, therefore, more surveillance.

Pregnancy Control

As a common pregnancy, a pregnancy need to control car through the scans, in particular to throw Down syndrome between 11 and 14 weeks. As the pregnancy is considered a risk, associated with this there is the possibility of congenital malformations, such as heart disease and neural tube defects like spina bifida. This problem affects about 25% of twins dicoriónicos and almost 50% of the monocoriónicos twins. Normally, every 4 weeks the twins should be examined through an ultrasound to find out the your growth and possible defects.

Fetus-Fetal Transfusion Syndrome in Identical Twins

One of the most serious risks to the monocoriónicos twins is the fetus-fetal transfusion syndrome. About 15% of the twins share the same placenta develop this problem. The so-called identical twins share the same placenta run a risk of them receive more blood than the others, due to abnormal blood vessels that form and that establish the connection through the placenta. The treatment of this anomaly is to distribute these vessels through laser surgery, the removal of excess amniotic fluid by amniocentesis, or the premature labor if the lungs are already formed.

The Diagnosis Is Made Through the Ultrasound If There Are Any of These Signs:

  • Marked difference in the size of different fetuses of the same sex
  • Difference in size of the two amnióticos bags
  • Difference in size of the two umbilical cords
  • A single placenta
  • Evidence of fluid accumulated in the skin of one of ferns
  • Heart failure in the twin receiver
  • Polyhydramnios – excess amniotic fluid in the twin receiver
  • Oligohydramnios – decreased amniotic fluid in the donor twin

Premature Birth

The premature birth in a multiple pregnancy is very common, because the average length of a pregnancy of twins is 36 weeks and triplets is 34 weeks. Because of this, if you feel contractions or if you notice any kind of sign that labor is starting to go quickly to the hospital or call your doctor. If your cervix is shorter, the probability of giving birth early will be greater. The twins are born weighing less than the single pregnancies, newborns ‘ being your average weight of 2.5 kg.

During Pregnancy

Pregnancy, whether multiple or not, is a time to be enjoyed and felt some longing share not only with your doctor but also with other pregnant women and mothers of twins that can help calm, giving advice and good tips.

A multiple pregnancy may be more complicated, but it is important to stay positive, to rest and to maintain a balanced and healthy. Choose to make small meals, more times a day, including breakfast and to maintain their energy levels highest opt for foods that are conducive to this, such as whole grains, avoiding refined sugars and other food that they give only during short periods of time.

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