Anemia in Pregnancy Can Cause Premature Births

According to the who, problem reaches about 65% of women

Fatigue, dizziness, hair loss, headaches and legs, lack of appetite and concentration. No, these are not normal symptoms of pregnancy, but indications that you may have anemia. Very common from the fifth month of pregnancy, it is caused by a lack of iron in the blood. And if not treated in time, can cause premature births, abortions, as well as low birth weight baby and growing difficulties. So, a lot of attention to what you’re putting on the plate. According to the World Health Organization, 65% of women suffer from anemia and most of the cases is a result of a poor diet. Keep an eye out!

“According to HOMETHODOLOGY, Anemia is characterized by the decrease of blood cells-red blood cells – responsible for the transportation of oxygen from mother to baby. It is very common after 20 weeks of pregnancy, as the blood of the pregnant woman tends to blur. Can also arise in breastfeeding, since iron piece the mother passes to the baby through milk, “explains OB-GYN of Unifesp Ambrogini Carolina. The anemias are also common before menopause and the onset of puberty, when blood loss through menstruation andhormonal changes increase the burning iron.

On physical examination it is possible to see if the expectant mother’s with anemia,because the skin becomes pale and mucous membranes bleached

However, the anemia can be caused by several factors. Found the picture anemic, the best thing to do is to investigate the possible reasons. “There are several types of anemia. A few rare, in which the person, before you even get pregnant, already shows a deficiency in the formation of hemoglobin. In this case, it is worth attentionsince this anemia happens to accentuate in pregnancy, “recalls specialist. The lack of folic acid and vitamin B12, for example, also triggers the problem. “Therefore, it is common that the obstetrician to recommend folic acid supplements when the woman is still thinking about getting pregnant,” explains nutritionist of the Brazilian Association for the study of obesity (Abeso) and the Hospital das Clínicas da USP, MonicaBeyruti. Anemic frames can also be immune or genetic origin – as in sickle cell disease and on Mediterranean anemia-or be caused by prolonged use of certain medications, by bleeding and by diseases such as hypothyroidism, renal diseases and hepatitis.

An Eye On Food

However, most of the cases in which the pregnant present red blood cell reduction in the body is due to an inadequate power supply. For fear of getting fat, or the lack of information about what to eat, many pregnant women adopt diets poor in nutrients. “Pregnant women should seek a follow-up with the nutritionist during pregnancy.It is normal for her weight gain, but this must be within the healthy patterns for the baby’s health, “advises Monica. So, it’s not because you’re expecting a child who must eat twice! Quality is not synonymous with quantity. The ideal, experts say, is that women earn up to 12 pounds during the entire pregnancy. And the magic to make it happen is to maintain a healthy and balanced nutrition. “In pregnant women shouldbe 50% to 60% carbohydrates, 15% protein and 30% fat, even giving preference tomonounsaturated and polinsaturadas”, recommends the nutritionist.

And to prevent anemia, it is essential not to forget the iron! “There are two types ofiron: heme and non-heme iron. The first is found in meat-red, chicken, fish-and it’swell taken advantage of by the body. The second has a lesser degree of absorption.Is the iron of vegetables, legumes and dark grains “, teaches Monica Beyruti. Therefore, means nothing if clogged up spinach, kale and watercress and forget the meat.They increase the power of the heme iron absorption. Foods rich in vitamin C (Orange, pineapple, Tangerine, passion fruit, strawberry, guava, cashew and ACE) and vitamin A (pumpkin, carrot, tomato and orange-yellow fruits) also potentiated the assimilation of mineral in the body. On the other hand, avoid tea, coffee, soft drinks, raw bran and calcium-rich foods (dairy products, for example), especially in the main meals, because they affect the total absorption of iron.

The experts ensure that ideally the mother-to-be ingest about 30 milligrams of irondaily. However, many times, even with healthy eating and balanced, she cannot produce all that much. In these cases, you must use the supplements, administered during pregnancy and the breastfeeding period.

If you suspect you’re anemic, search for your doctor. “The physical exam it is possible to see if the expectant mother’s with anemia, because the skin becomes pale and mucous membranes bleached. But the tests done during the prenatal period and thefull blood counts requests by the doctor during pregnancy help identify how your hemoglobin level, “the gynecologist Ambrogini Carolina. The rule, then, is to eat well and be attentive to the signs of your body. Invest in your health and your baby too.

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