For those starting out on their career path, early jobs should be
viewed as valuable learning experiences, not demands for financial
It’s been a while since addressed the subject of resumes in my column,
so I thought this might be a good time to revisit this important
aspect of job hunting by answering frequently asked questions.
Must I keep my resume to one page?
No. Although for a recent college graduate, one page should suffice.
Someone with a more extensive employment history might well go to two
pages in order to properly present his/her background. A resume should
not be artificially extended (padded), nor should information be
crammed onto one page through the creative use of margins. There
should be enough white space to make it attractive and readable.
A recent survey of 150 executives from the nation’s 1,000 largest
companies, conducted by Accountemps, resulted in 64% of those polled
saying they preferred a two-page resume from candidates for executive
positions, and 73% feeling that staff-level applications should stick
with one page. The latter would obviously apply to college grads
seeking entry-level jobs.
Will colored paper help my resume stand out?
If anything, it will detract, not attract. A conservative approach is
never wrong when choosing paper for a resume. Stick to white or
Should I include personal information?
As little as possible. I’ve been collecting inappropriate items on
resumes for years. I call them Resumania. A large percentage comes
from sections on resumes labeled, Personal. Unless there is something
personal that relates directly to your employment background and the
job you’re going after, leave it off.
Should I include reasons for having left a previous job?
Again, Don’t volunteer this information. It’s better left for
discussion during the job interview (if it comes up).
What should I emphasize on my resume?
Employers are looking to hire individuals who will bring some tangible
benefit to their company. Being a job applicant’s first introduction
to a hiring authority, your resume will never get you the job;
however, it can lose you plenty of job offers. A resume only
determines whether you’ll be asked to enter the traditional second
phase of the hiring process, the interview. What you want to highlight
on your resume are those skills are experiences that indicate your
potential worth to an employer. That includes not only previous work
experience (including relevant internships), but other demonstrable
attributes such as civic involvement, participation in scholastic
and/or professional associations, elected positions in such
I’m just completing college and don’t have any previous work
experience. What do I put on my resume?
You probably do have work experience, even if it involved only
part-time summer jobs. Active participation in volunteer organizations
also presents you as an energetic and involved entry-level
professional with something to offer an employer.
Should my resume include activities in high school?
Absolutely. The longer you are in the workplace, the less important
periods of life such as high school, and even college, become. But,
for a college graduate, every relevant achievement that can be
highlighted on a resume should be included.
To what extent can I embellish my resume to make it more compelling?
You shouldn’t embellish your resume at all. That’s not to say you
shouldn’t put your best foot forward, however. You are, after all,
selling yourself when seeking employment, and your resume should
present you in the most positive light possible. But honesty is always
the best policy. If you ‘re hired based upon a dishonest
representation of who you are, chances are you’ll do poorly in that
job. And, the risk is also very real that your “embellishments” will
eventually be exposed, which could lead to being fired from your
Should I state my salary requirements on my resume?
No. A big mistake many otherwise qualified job seekers make is to tell
employers what they, as candidates, expect from a job, rather than
focusing on what they can do for their employer. For those starting
out on their career path, early jobs should be viewed as valuable
learning experiences. Yes, you’ll want to be fairly compensated for
the work you perform. But, your resume is not the appropriate vehicle
for stating your demands.
How do I ensure that my resume is properly written and free of errors?
Have as many eyes as possible read it before submitting it to
employers. Make sure each line reads as you intend it to. Scrutinize
every word for spelling errors, vagueness, improper punctuation, and
awkward phrasing. Utilize your computer’s spellcheck, but don’t rely
on it to catch misused words. Have people in the accounting field,
instructors perhaps, review your resume and listen carefully to their
Should I use a professional resume-writing service?
I wouldn’t. Resumes prepared by such firms, as good as they might be,
tend to have a cookie-cutter look and feel to them. It’s your life and
career on the line. Prepare your own resume and let it reflect who you
Non-Resume Resources on the Web:
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How to Write a Resume for Teaching Posts
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Teaching Objectives for Resumes
How to Build a Resume for Your College Application
What is a cover letter for a resume?
Objectives for Resumes for Scholarships
How to Improve Your Curriculum Vitae